Polishing Filters (Percolation Areas)
Subsurface Polishing Filter
Sites that have a good low water table and bedrock levels as well as percolation characteristics will typically have subsurface polishing filters installed.
These are planted just below the surface of the soil and use washed stone to filter out any solids that feed through the pipes.
Raised Polishing Filter
These work in the same way as subsurface polishing filters but are installed on sites where there is a high water table or bedrock. They are placed in a new mound that stands above the normal ground.
The height that such a filter is placed at is dependent on the specific water table of the site.
Subsurface Sand Polishing Filter
On sites that are suitable, subsurface sand polishing filters provide an alternative to soil and have the added benefit of incorporating a chamber of sand below the washed stone filter for additional percolation.
In some circumstances it is possible to use good top soil in the chamber rather than sand.